SERPENT ENCOUNTERS ARE PART of growing up in Arkansas. My first introduction was through Sunday School, in the pages of an illustrated Bible, with the depiction of a serpent wrapped around an apple tree. This was pre-kindergarten age. I learned that snakes once had legs and could speak before being driven onto their bellies to eat dust and rendered dumbstruck simply for offering Eve an option. Sure, the option was directly opposite what the Almighty had commanded, but I never viewed the snake as an archetype for evil. I remember that apples were my favorite fruit, and the slender slinking form in discussions with Eve had serious visual appeal, a combination of predatory allure and timeless wisdom, so I didn’t see a problem. A talking snake offering me an apple seemed like an epically cool experience.
I had seen a few snakes in my early years, but my first real introduction to a serpent—outside of church—came at 6 years of age and was courtesy of my pigeon-toed, gruff-voiced grandfather. Poppy always had a critter under glass (a mason jar) to show me when I got off the school bus at his and Granny’s house. Mostly it was lizards and frogs, sometimes an interesting insect like a cicada, which we called a jar fly. But this time there was a rose-bellied, black-backed legless creature coiled around the jar’s bottom. Poppy nor I knew it at the time, but it was a western worm snake.
Even as Poppy explained that the snake was harmless, a low-humming voltage tickled my spine and tightened my stomach. A distinct and delicious forbiddance was in the jar, literally. Poppy said that Granny was livid about the whole thing, to not talk about this at the dinner table or even mention it when we went inside for the evening. And, come to find out, she had indeed forbidden Poppy to show me the snake. Granny told me years later: “I told him to take that thing back to the woods and kill it, to NOT tell you about. Oh, I don’t know why he did that. We fought about many a thing, but showin’ you that snake was near the top.”
But damn the woman’s order, Poppy showed me the snake and more. He gently poured the tiny loops onto his farm-thickened fingers, and I watched it slither between his digits, its quick pink tongue tasting humid air. Poppy handled the delicate reptile with a gentleness that surprised me from a man I’d watched gut and clean piles of fish. As he talked about where he found it and how he caught it, the snake settled into his calm, weathered hand looking like the picture of contentment. Then he said it was OK for me to touch it, but to be easy, to be careful. I did.
And my mind was opened.
I can’t be sure about what the old man was thinking by showing his grandson how to identify, catch, respect and enjoy snakes, but I like to imagine he wanted to pass down a sense of wonder and respect for all lives, even the lowliest, mixed with a smidgen of his subversive orneriness. If that was his plan, Poppy succeeded likely beyond his expectations.
Since that time, I’ve been the weirdo snake advocate in any bunch. When folks on a hike run away, I run toward. Whenever I hear the rattle of a buzzing tail against dry leaves, my pulse quickens with anticipation rather than fear. I didn’t see a need to tell my wife of three months about my ophiophilist tendencies, and she went bonkers watching me chase down a water snake for the first time. Her stammering near-hyperventilation put me in the awkward situation of having to choose between helping my recently betrothed take a seat on the creek bank before her shaky legs plopped her in the water, and holding on to the snake to admire more of its savage beauty. I’m proud to say I chose wisely. We’re still married 24 years after the incident.
In spite of Poppy’s lessons, I’m not sure why I feel a need to touch snakes. You can easily appreciate something, especially a reptilian something, from afar. I don’t know why the feel of serpentine muscles coiling with a quiet certainty around my hand is so intriguing, the cool smoothness of whispering scales so appealing. But through my teenage and young-adult years, a nonvenomous snake within grasp was often gently captured, examined, admired and then released unharmed—kingsnakes, rat snakes, hognose snakes, garter snakes, ribbon snakes, water snakes, worm snakes, brown snakes, racers, red-bellied snakes, green snakes and probably some I’ve forgotten.
And then I’ve also danced with the devil.
These next few paragraphs feel like they need a disclaimer: I do not in any way condone the catching of venomous snakes by nonexperts. It’s stupid. It’s monumentally stupid. But (you knew there’d be a “but”) that inexplicable need for a tactile connection led me and my younger cousin, a snake-charmer pupil of mine too young to remember our Poppy, to capture and admire an approximately 5-foot timber rattler. I was 37 years old and, supposedly, the most responsible among the cousins. We were an hour away from the nearest town, which was still 15 minutes from a hospital, and would have surely died or been permanently maimed had either of us been bitten.
Sometimes, as I lie in bed not too many years later, the memory of that day comes back, and I shudder at our foolishness. But in the full light of day, I wouldn’t trade the moment.
For anyone else outside of two men old enough to know better on the banks of the Illinois Bayou that afternoon, the rattler was an embodiment of menace, a thing to be feared. But fear was the furthest thing from my mind. There was a knowledge in the narrow, slitted pupils, the broad triangle head, the venom-filled jaws, the muscular tan and brown body accented with coal bands down to a black velvet tail punctuated by bone-colored rattles.
I wanted to know. I had to know. And so I did.
Since that day, I’ve had other close encounters of my choosing with other venomous snakes but have counted coup only once more. It’s not something I’ll ever do again. The urge has dissipated. I rarely capture even nonvenomous snakes nowadays, preferring to only observe. But a subtle stirring still slithers through my soul when I encounter the striking new-penny colors of an Ozark copperhead.
I still get downright giddy about a cottonmouth cloaked in the swampy hues of death no matter what shade—bronze, brown or midnight—it’s wearing. While a viper’s camouflaged pattern gliding along the earth represents a near irresistible attraction to me, it takes on a more ominous tone now that I’ve got a granddaughter. She’s a little cotton-top girl who follows Pa around the yard looking for critters under every log and in every rock pile. Though a little apprehensive, I’ll still introduce her to the beast that creepeth. I’ll invite her to admire, to respect and even to touch. And I hope to pass on what Poppy passed on to me. I want her to be wise yet fearless, smart yet brazen. I want her to reach out for knowledge even if it could be dangerous.
Don’t Get Bit, But If You Do …
There are arguments about whether snake phobia is a cultural phenomenon or part of human DNA, but regardless of the reasons for fear and loathing, it’s overhyped. Snakes are shy creatures and integral parts of all Arkansas ecosystems.
Depending on whom you ask, Arkansas is home to 36 to 42 species of snakes, but everyone agrees that only six are venomous. There are no verified “poisonous” snakes in Arkansas. Toxins delivered by injection are venom, while toxins delivered by handling or eating the creature are poison. Venomous snakes in Arkansas include the pit vipers, named for heat-sensing pits found near their eyes, and which include timber, western diamondback, and pygmy rattlers along with copperheads and cottonmouths. And then the coral snake, which is not a pit viper but is instead in the cobra family.
Coral snakes are easy to spot with their bright colors (better known as aposematic coloration) that signals this is a dangerous creature. The pit vipers feature cryptic camouflage but are identified by wide triangular heads, broad stocky bodies, distinct markings, catlike elliptical pupils, and to me, they simply have a presence. Maybe there is something to that genetic fear theory because I seem to know intuitively that I’m looking at a venomous snake even before my brain has time to process the clues.
The best way to not get bit is to leave snakes alone. The overwhelming percentage of snake-bite victims are folks who tried to kill, pester or catch a snake. Don’t try to kill them. Don’t try to move them. And for the love of Pete, don’t try to catch them. If you find a venomous snake near your home, call Cold Blood Warm Hearts snake removal—it’s free—at (479) 769-5783. If you find a nonvenomous snake near your home, leave it be.
If you are bitten, don’t panic, and do seek immediate medical help. Don’t apply a tourniquet unless you want to lose a limb, hand or foot. And you don’t need to bring the snake with you for identification because antivenom for pit vipers works for all pit vipers. Regardless of which species slips a fang into your hide, you’re probably going to be OK. Despite my concerns about dying from a rattler bite in the previous article, only one in 1,000 U.S. snake-bite victims die from the bite, and you are nine times more likely to be killed by lightning than by a snake bite. There hasn’t been a native-snake-bite fatality in Arkansas since 1956. If venom is injected during the bite, it’s going to hurt like the devil, and there will be scarring, but you’re going to live.
Venomous snakes are valuable members of the Arkansas outdoors. They help control rodents, which control ticks, which in turn control tick diseases. I know several folks and a few good dogs who have been infected with terrible, possibly debilitating tick diseases. I know only one snake-bite victim.